Active Ingredients Guide

This is a guide of the major active ingredients in The Amazing Flower - Cannabinoids and Terpenes (and Terpenoids), their boiling points, reported effects, and general characteristics. 

Some of the reported active ingredient benefits have been demonstrated in rigorous clinical trials, and some are considered "anecdotal". We are not making any claims about any of them, and we present this information only as a quick summary for your own consideration and knowledge. Our strategy was to err on the side of inclusion and let you decide for yourself.

The Major Cannabinoids

Please note that many of the active ingredients are considered BIPHASIC, meaning a small dose may have one effect, but a large does may have the opposite effect. That's why the phrase, "start LOW and go SLOW" is so important. Additionally, some terpenes are reported to have a different (sometimes opposite) effect when paired with cannabinoids than they do by themselves (terpinolene, for example).
This is a Family Tree of the "ancestors" of the major cannabinoids. All the active ingredients made by The Amazing Flower are created in the trichomes of the flowers (stages red, purple, and blue). 
Cannabinoid Family Tree
Cannabinoids have very little aroma and taste. The unique aromas of different flowers are the result of unique combinations and ratios of terpenes, terpenoids, and flavonoids.

The cannabinoid colors represent their place in The Family Tree: 

  • Stage 1: Precursor Acids
  • Stage 2: Acids
  • Stage 3: Neutral
  • Stage 4: Oxidized

STAGE 1: Precursor Acidic Cannabinoids

These two acidic cannabinoids are the ancestors to all the other cannabinoids in the family tree. They specifically create other acidic cannabinoids that will be present in high concentrations in raw and cured flower. These acidic cannabinoids get "decarbed" (usually by applying heat) and turn into the neutral cannabinoids like THC and CBD. All of the acidic cannabinoids are water soluble, unlike the neutral and oxidized cannabinoids which are only soluble in oil (lipophilic).

CBG-A, Cannabigerolic Acid
Boiling Point: n/a
Reported Benefits: analgesic (pain reduction), antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory

CBGV-A, Cannabigerovarinic Acid
Boiling Point: n/a 
Reported Benefits: anti-inflammatory (very limited research)

STAGE 2: Acidic Cannabinoids

The stage 2 acidic cannabinoids below are the direct parents of the most well-known cannabinoids, THC and CBD. These are what The Amazing Flower actually produces itself. AFTER blooming and harvest, the acidic compounds naturally turn into the neutral cannabinoids when heated (smoking, vaporizing, or "baking").

So remember, The Flower DOES NOT actually produce ANY psychotropic or euphoric compounds! It needs our help to do that.

CBC-A, Cannabichromenic Acid
Boiling Point: 800+ºF; will "decarb" and quickly convert to CBC at around 220ºF
Reported Benefits: analgesic (pain reduction), anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, stimulates brain cell growth

CBD-A, Cannabidiolic Acid 
Boiling Point: 600+ºF
Reported Benefits: antiemetic (reduces nausea), anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor

CBL-A, Cannabicyclolic Acid 
Boiling Point: 800+ºF
Reported Benefits: anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor,
 (very limited research) 

CBN-A, Cannabinolic Acid 
Boiling Point: 890+ºF
Reported Benefits: very little research available
 

THC-A, Delta-9 Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid
Boiling Point: n/aºF
Reported Benefits: antiemetic (reduces nausea), anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, anti-tumor, gastrointestinal aid, sedative (sleep aid) 

THCV-A, Delta-9 Tetrahydrocannabivarin Carboxylic Acid
Boiling Point: n/a
Reported Benefits: analgesic (pain reduction), anti-inflammatory, appetite suppressant, sedative (sleep aid)

STAGE 3: Neutral Cannabinoids (Decarboxylated, or "decarbed") 

These neutralized cannabinoids have been studied (and used) the most and have different effects than their acidic parents. They are "fat soluble" so they don't mix well with most of the liquids humans naturally drink. If you swallow (ingest) a cannabis product, it has been shown that more of the neutral cannabinoids get into your bloodstream if you take them with fatty foods and drinks. Now we all have a good reason to have that latte or french fries with an edible.

CBC, Cannabichromene
Boiling Point: 428ºF

Reported Benefits: analgesic (pain reduction), antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, anti-tumor, bone stimulant, neurological disorder relief, sedative (sleep aid)

CBD, Cannabidiol
Boiling Point: 356ºF
Reported Benefits: analgesic (pain reduction), anti-anxiety, antidepressant, antidiabetic (reduces blood sugar), antiemetic (reduces nausea), anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, anti-tumor, appetite stimulant, bone stimulant, gastrointestinal disorder relief, hypertension relief (high blood pressure), sedative (sleep aid)

CBG, Cannabigerol
Boiling Point: 126ºF
Reported Benefits: analgesic (pain reduction), anti-anxiety, antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antispasmodic, anti-tumor, bone stimulant, hypertension relief (high blood pressure), neurological disorder relief, sedative (sleep aid) 

CBL, Cannabicyclol
Boiling Point: 650+ºF
Reported Benefits: very little research available

THC or Delta-9 THCDelta-9 Tetrahydrocannabinol 
Boiling Point: 315ºF
Reported Benefits: analgesic (pain reduction), anti-anxiety, antidepressant, antiemetic (reduces nausea), anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antispasmodic, anti-tumor, appetite stimulant, gastrointestinal disorder relief, hypertension relief (high blood pressure), neurological disorder relief or protectant, sleep apnea relief

THCV, Tetrahydrocannabivarin
Boiling Point: 428ºF
Reported Benefits: analgesic (pain reduction), antidiabetic (reduces blood sugar), antispasmodic, appetite suppressant, bone stimulant

STAGE 4: Oxidized Cannabinoids 

The oxidized cannabinoids below are just a product of time and exposure to light and oxygen. It is a natural process that makes new cannabinoids that have their own unique effects. CBN and Delta-8 THC dominant products are now widely available.

CBN, Cannabinol
Boiling Point: 365ºF
Reported Benefits: analgesic (pain reduction), anti-anxiety, antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antispasmodic, bone stimulant, neurological disorder relief or protectant, sedative (sleep aid) 

CBDL or CBND, Cannabinodiol or Cannabidinodiol
Boiling Point: 900+ºF
Reported Benefits: very limited research

CBDVCannabidivarin
Boiling Point: 329ºF
Reported Benefits: antiemetic (reduces nausea), anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, neurological disorder relief or protectant

Delta-8 THC, Delta-8 Tetrahydrocannabinol 
Boiling Point: 347ºF
Reported Benefits: analgesic (pain reduction), anti-anxiety, antiemetic (reduces nausea), anti-inflammatory, appetite stimulant, neurological disorder relief or protectant


The Major Terpenes and Terpenoids

The first eight terpenes below seem to be found in the highest concentrations in The Flower, and the rest are listed in alphabetical order. This is certainly not all the terpenes found in The Flower, but it covers nineteen (19) of the most frequently found terpenes in COA's (Certificates of Analysis test results).

The colors indicate whether a terpene or terpenoid's general effects are considered mostly Calming (blue) or mostly Energizing (orange). Black means it is considered neutral in that regard, or there have been conflicting reports. Remember, everyone has a unique biochemistry, so what might be energizing to one person, might very well be calming to another.

1. Myrcene  (Beta-Myrcene)
The most common terpene in The Flower; also found in mangoes, thyme, citrus, and lemongrass and has a musky, earthy, herbal aroma.
Boiling Point: 334ºF
Reported Benefits: analgesic (pain reduction), anti-anxiety, antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant, antispasmodic, anti-tumor, THC agonist (helper) - lowers resistance across the blood to brain barrier, sedative (relaxant or sleep aid)

2. Caryophyllene (Beta- or Trans-Caryophyllene) 
Probably the second most common terpene in The Flower. It has a spicy aroma and is also found in black pepper, cloves, hops, and oregano.
Boiling Point: 266ºF
Reported Benefits: analgesic (pain reduction), antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant, antispasmodic, antitumor, gastrointestinal disorder relief or protectant, neurological disorder relief or protectant

3. Limonene
Contributes a citrusy aroma and is also found in lemon rinds, juniper, and peppermint.
Boiling Point: 349ºF 
Reported Benefits: anti-anxiety, antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antispasmodic, antitumor, gastrointestinal disorder relief or protectant

4. Pinene (Alpha- and Beta-Pinene) 
It's said that pinene is the most common naturally-occurring terpene on earth. It's got that pine forest smell and is found in pine needles, conifers, and sage. A great aroma for winter.
Boiling Point: 311ºF
Reported Benefits: anti-anxiety, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antitumor, antiviral, bronchodilator, focus enhancing, memory retention

5. Humulene (Alpha-Humulene)
Contributes a woody, earthy aroma and is also found in hops and coriander.
Boiling Point: 388ºF 
Reported Benefits:  analgesic (pain reduction), anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, anti-tumor, appetite suppressant

6. Linalool
A major terpenoid in lavender and other flowers, it has a floral, citrusy sweet aroma. Also found in citrus fruits, laurel, and rosewood.
Boiling Point: 388ºF 
Reported Benefits: analgesic (pain reduction), anti-anxiety, antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antispasmodic, anti-tumor, sedative/sleep aid

7. Terpinolene (Alpha Terpinolene) 
Has an herbal, piney aroma and is also found in limes and rosemary.
Boiling Point: 365ºF 
Reported Benefits: analgesic (pain reduction), antidepressant, antimicrobial, anti-tumor, gastrointestinal disorder relief or protectant, energizing (when paired with THC), sedating by itself

8. Ocimene (Beta-Ocimene)
An aroma of tropical fruits and green citrus, it is also found in parsley, orchids, and kumquats.
Boiling Point: 151ºF 
Reported Benefits: antidepressant, antimicrobial, anti-tumor, anti-viral, gastrointestinal disorder relief or protectant

Alphabetical List of other important Terpenes and Terpenoids:

Bisibolol (Alpha-Bisibolol) 
Found in chamomile flower, it has a light, sweet floral aroma.
Boiling Point: 307ºF 
Reported Benefits: analgesic (pain reduction), anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, antimicrobial

Carene (Delta-3-Carene)
A unique terpene that has an aroma of musky lemon and pine, and is also found in basil, pepper, cedar, evergreens, and rosemary.
Boiling Point: 340ºF 
Reported Benefits: anti-anxiety, anti-inflammatory, bone stimulant, gastrointestinal disorder relief or protectant, memory retention, sedative (relaxant or sleep aid)

Caryophyllene Oxide
A high boiling point molecule that comes from oxidized beta-caryophyllene. Found in black pepper, caraway, cloves, and basil, it has a dry, fresh, spicy-sweet aroma.
Boiling Point: 504ºF 
Reported Benefits: anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant

Eucalyptol 
Also found in eucalyptus, camphor laurel, tea tree, and mugwort, it has an aroma of camphor.
Boiling Point: 349ºF 
Reported Benefits: analgesic (pain reduction), anti-anxiety, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-tumor, bronchodilator, focus enhancing, gastrointestinal disorder relief or protectant, neurological disorder relief or protectant, sedative/sleep aid 

Farnesene (Alpha- & Trans-Beta-Farnesene)
An aroma of green apples and found in the skins or rinds of apples, pears and other fruits.
Boiling Point: 523ºF
Reported Benefits: anti-anxiety, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antispasmodic, anti-tumor, gastrointestinal disorder relief or protectant, sedative (relaxant or sleep aid)

Geraniol 
A sweet, floral, fruity aroma, it is also found in roses, lemongrass, and citronella.
Boiling Point: 447ºF 
Reported Benefits: analgesic (pain reduction), antidepressant, antidiabetic (reduces blood sugar), anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant, antispasmodic, anti-tumor, neurological disorder relief or protectant 

Guaiol (Champacol)
Also found in cypress pines, subtropical conifers, and the tropical guaiacum plant, it has a piney, woody, and rose-like aroma.
Boiling Point: 198ºF 
Reported Benefits: analgesic (pain reduction), anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-tumor, gastrointestinal disorder relief or protectant

Nerolidol (Cis- & Trans-Nerolidol, Peruviol and Penetrol)
An aroma that is woody, waxy, and somewhat floral, it is also found in neroli, ginger, jasmine, and lavender.
Boiling Point: 252ºF 
Reported Benefits: anti-anxiety, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-tumor, sedative (relaxant or sleep aid)

Phytol 
Has a milder grassy aroma, and is found in most types of green tea.
Boiling Point: 198ºF 
Reported Benefits: anti-anxiety, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antispasmodic, antitumor, mild sedative/(relaxant or sleep aid)

Terpineol (Alpha-Terpineol)
An aroma of lilac and flower blossoms, it is also found in cajuput oil, pine oil, and petitgrain oil.
Boiling Point: 424ºF 
Reported Benefits: anti-anxiety, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant, antispasmodic, anti-tumor, anti-viral, gastrointestinal disorder relief or protectant, sedative (relaxant or sleep aid)

Valencene
Its most famous source is valencia oranges, and contributes to their sweet, fresh, citrus aroma and taste.
Boiling Point: 253ºF 
Reported Benefits: anti-allergy, anti-inflammatory, bronchodilator